Why study anthropology?

Because anthropology explains the diversity of humanity.

Undergraduate Programs

Undergraduate course work in anthropology is designed for students majoring in anthropology as part of a liberal education, for students majoring in anthropology as preparation for postgraduate professional training, and for students in other areas who wish to do supplementary work in anthropology.

Courses for Nonmajors

Most courses are open to nonmajors and, depending on the course, can be used to meet College principal course distribution requirements in natural sciences, social sciences, or humanities. The department offers many courses that fulfill the non-Western culture requirement. ANTH 100 General Anthropology and ANTH 160/ANTH 360 The Varieties of Human Experience are recommended for students interested in anthropology who do not intend to major in it.

Graduate Programs

The graduate program consists of 21 faculty members and about 80 students, giving a professor-student ratio of about one to four and allowing a great deal of direct interaction between faculty and students. The department awards M.A. and Ph.D. degrees and has successfully placed most recipients of graduate degrees in professional positions.

The department offers graduate training in archaeology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and social/cultural anthropology. It has expertise in applied anthropology, anthropological genetics, molecular genetics, evolutionary studies, language contact and endangerment, medical anthropology, paleoanthropology, symbolic anthropology, visual anthropology, New World and Old World prehistory, and geoarchaeology. Geographic strengths include Asia, Europe, Latin America, Native North America, the Pacific, SubSaharan Africa, and the contemporary United States

The department is closely associated with the Laboratory of Biological Anthropology and the Center for Archaeological Research.

Courses

ANTH 100. General Anthropology. 3-4 Hours. SC AE42/GE3S / S.

Lecture and discussion sections covering the four primary fields of Anthropology: Biological Anthropology, Linguistics, Social Anthropology, and Archaeology. Concepts and approaches to each field, using past and present examples from around the world, will be examined with an emphasis on the unity of the anthropological approach. Future directions of human experience are explored. Discussion sections will be used to examine material covered in lecture and in readings in specific cultural and evolutionary contexts. Discussion and application of fundamental concepts to contemporary events, examination of fossil collections, and viewing and discussion of relevant visual materials are among topics to be covered in sections. LEC.

ANTH 102. Succeeding in Anthropology. 1 Hour. S.

This course is designed to enhance students' chances for success in anthropology major and life after college. Students will learn how to maximize their possibilities for gaining academic assistance, grants, and career building, as well as design strategies for winning jobs, entry into graduate programs, and paid internships at home and abroad. LEC.

ANTH 104. Fundamentals of Physical Anthropology. 3-4 Hours. NB GE3N / N.

Lecture and discussion sections covering the mechanisms and principles of Darwinian evolution with special emphasis on human and primate data. Lecture topics include genetics, variation, primate ethology, and the fossil evidence for human evolution. Discussion sessions include topics in Mendelian and population genetics, blood group systems, quantitative morphological variation, and fossil human and primate skeletal material. LEC.

ANTH 105. Fundamentals of Physical Anthropology, Honors. 3-4 Hours. NB GE3N / N.

An honors section of ANTH 104 for students with superior academic records. LEC.

ANTH 106. Introductory Linguistics. 3 Hours. SC AE41/AE42/GE11/GE3S / S.

Introduction to the fundamentals of linguistics, with emphasis on the description of the sound system, grammatical structure and semantic structure of languages. The course will include a survey of language in culture and society, language change, computational linguistics and psycholinguistics, and will introduce students to techniques of linguistic analysis in a variety of languages including English. (Same as LING 106.) LEC.

ANTH 107. Introductory Linguistics, Honors. 3 Hours. SC AE41/AE42/GE11/GE3S / S.

Introduction to the fundamentals of linguistics, with emphasis on the description of the sound system, grammatical structure, and semantic structure of languages. The course includes a survey of language in culture and society, language change, computational linguistics and psycholinguistics, and introduces students to techniques of linguistic analysis in a variety of languages including English. Open only to students admitted to the University Honors Program or by consent of instructor. (Same as LING 107.) LEC.

ANTH 108. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. 3-4 Hours. SC AE42/GE3S / S.

An introduction to the nature of culture, language, society, and personality. Included in this survey are some of the major principles, concerns, and themes of cultural anthropology. The variety of ways in which people structure their social, economic, political, and personal lives. Emphasized are the implications of overpopulation, procreative strategies, progress and growth of cultural complexity, developments in the Third World, and cultural dynamics in Western as well as in non-Western societies. LEC.

ANTH 109. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Honors. 3-4 Hours. SC / S.

An honors section of ANTH 108 for students with superior academic records. LEC.

ANTH 110. Introduction to Archaeology. 3-4 Hours. HT GE3H / H.

A general introduction to the study of archaeology. Evolution of prehistoric cultures in adaptive response to changing natural and social environments, from the early Paleolithic to the emergence of urban civilizations. LEC.

ANTH 111. Introduction to Archaeology, Honors. 3-4 Hours. HT GE3H / H.

An honors section of ANTH 110 for students with superior academic records. LEC.

ANTH 160. The Varieties of Human Experience. 3 Hours. NW AE42/GE3H/GE3S / S/W.

An introduction to basic concepts and themes in cultural anthropology by means of the comparative study of selected cultures from around the world, for the purpose of appreciating cultural diversity. Emphasis is on systems of belief and meaning. Not open to students who have taken ANTH 360. LEC.

ANTH 161. The Third World: Anthropological Approaches. 3-4 Hours. NW / S/W.

Violent change, revolution, planned change, and peaceful transition in non-Western cultures. A study of development, modernization, nation-building, rapid acculturation, and war. LEC.

ANTH 162. The Varieties of Human Experience, Honors. 3 Hours. NW AE42/GE3H/GE3S / S/W.

An honors section of ANTH 160 for students with superior academic records. Not open to students who have had ANTH 160 or ANTH 360. LEC.

ANTH 177. First Year Seminar: _____. 3 Hours. GE11 / U.

A limited-enrollment, seminar course for first-time freshmen, addressing current issues in Anthropology. Course is designed to meet the critical thinking learning outcome of the KU Core. First-Year Seminar topics are coordinated and approved by the Office of First-Year Experience. Prerequisite: First-time freshman status. LEC.

ANTH 293. Myth, Legend, and Folk Beliefs in East Asia. 3 Hours. NW AE42 / H/W.

A survey of the commonly held ideas about the beginning of the world, the role of gods and spirits in daily life, and the celebrations and rituals proper to each season of the year. The purpose of the course is to present the traditional world view of the peoples of East Asia. (Same as EALC 130, REL 130.) LEC.

ANTH 300. General Anthropology. 3 Hours. AE42/GE3H/GE3S / S.

A more intensive treatment of the content of ANTH 100. Not open to students who have had ANTH 100. LEC.

ANTH 301. Anthropology Through Films. 3 Hours. AE42 / S.

An exploration of the human ways through films. Cross-cultural interpretations by filmed records of varieties of interpersonal relations seen through such aspects of culture as hunting, war, marriage, religion, sex, kinship, and death. Patterns of interactions are analyzed by examples from cultures around the world, primarily the non-Western world. LEC.

ANTH 303. Peoples and Cultures of North Africa and the Middle East. 3 Hours. NW / S.

This course familiarizes students with the peoples and cultures of North Africa and the Middle East. It examines the cultural, demographic, and religious diversity of the region, as well as the development of the early Islamic community and the formation of Islamic institutions. Issues such as religion and politics, inter-religious relations, nation-building, Islamic response to colonialism, Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Islamic resurgence, secularism, democratization, and gender, are also explored. (Same as AAAS 303.) LEC.

ANTH 304. Fundamentals of Physical Anthropology. 3-4 Hours. NB GE3N / N.

A more intensive treatment of the content of ANTH 104. Not open to students who have had ANTH 104 or ANTH 105. LEC.

ANTH 308. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. 3-4 Hours. SC AE42/GE3S / S.

An introduction to the nature of culture, language, society, and personality. Included in this survey are some of the major principles, concerns, themes of cultural anthropology, and the variety of ways in which people structure their social, economic, political, and personal lives. Emphasized are the implications of overpopulation, procreative strategies, progress and growth of culture complexity, developments in the Third World, and cultural dynamics in Western as well as in non-Western societies. Not open to students who have taken ANTH 108 or ANTH 109. LEC.

ANTH 310. Introduction to Archaeology. 3-4 Hours. HT GE3H / H.

A more intensive treatment of the content of ANTH 110. Not open to students who have taken ANTH 110 or ANTH 111. LEC.

ANTH 313. New Discoveries in Archaeology. 3 Hours. S.

Recent discoveries in anthropological archaeology in various areas of the world and their impact on existing bodies of fact and theory, and on established methods of archaeological discovery. LEC.

ANTH 315. The Prehistory of Art. 3 Hours. S.

A survey of prehistoric art focusing on the material record and interpretations of rock art (paintings, engravings on rock surfaces in rock-shelters, caves and in open air sites) and portable art created by prehistoric people. The emphasis is on the small-scale societies (hunter-gatherer and early food producers) around the world before the appearance of written records in respective geographic areas. Environmental, social and cultural contexts in which these art forms were created are discussed along with a review of past scholarship and current interpretive approaches to this old and enduring expression of human creativity. Course may be offered in lecture or online format. (Same as HA 315.) LEC.

ANTH 317. Prehistory of Europe. 3 Hours. S.

A survey of one million years of prehistory from the peopling of the European continent to the Roman Empire. The course will focus on the growth of culture, considering economy and technology, art and architecture. Topics will include the Neanderthals, the big game hunters of the Ice Age, the megalith builders, the Celts. Prerequisite: An introductory course in anthropology, history, or cultural geography. LEC.

ANTH 318. Prehistory of Kansas. 3 Hours. S.

A survey of the changing lifeways of Native Americans in Kansas from the time of the earliest inhabitants of at least 12,000 years ago to the period of Euro-American contact. Extensive use will be made of Museum of Anthropology collections. LEC.

ANTH 320. Language in Culture and Society. 3 Hours. SC AE41/AE61 / S.

Language is an integral part of culture and an essential means by which people carry out their social interactions with the members of their society. The course explores the role of language in everyday life of peoples in various parts of the world and the nature of the relationship between language and culture. Topics include world-view as reflected in language, formal vs. informal language, word taboo, and ethnography of speaking. (Same as LING 320.) LEC.

ANTH 321. Language in Culture and Society, Honors. 3 Hours. SC AE41/AE61 / S.

An honors section of ANTH 320 for students with superior academic records. Not open to students who have had ANTH 320 or LING 320. (Same as LING 321.) Prerequisite: Membership in the University Honors Program or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 340. Human Variation and Evolution. 3 Hours. AE41 / N.

An examination of biochemical and physical variability in contemporary human populations. Topics include: genetic basis of human diversity, evolutionary theory, population genetics, blood groups, biochemical variations, body size and shape, pigmentation, and other morphological characteristics. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 341. Human Evolution. 3 Hours. N.

The evolutionary processes and events leading to the development of humans and the humanlike forms from primate ancestors; fossil hominids and the origin of modern Homo Sapiens. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 343. Food, Nutrition and Culture. 3 Hours. U.

The course is a cross-cultural survey of human dietary practices (foodways). Students are introduced to the concepts of nutrition, diet and cuisine. Evolutionary and adaptive aspects of human diets and cuisines are considered. Nutritional, environmental/ technological, social and ideological aspects of regional and ethnic foodways are examined. Invited lecturers from different cultural traditions offer indigenous perspectives on their foodways. LEC.

ANTH 350. Human Adaptation. 3 Hours. S.

A survey and examination of present-day human populations focusing upon adaptations in different environments and the interaction of culture and biology. General evolutionary theory is treated with an emphasis on the mechanisms of evolutionary change. Genetic, physiological, and cultural adaptations to environmental stress are discussed from the standpoint of their past evolutionary significance and their influence on contemporary human variation. Prerequisite: ANTH 104 or ANTH 304. LEC.

ANTH 352. Controversies on the Living and the Dead. 3 Hours. N.

The pros and cons of conflicting theories on the past and present evolution are examined. Race and intelligence, evolution of skin color, and genetic future of humans are among the considered topics. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 359. Anthropology of Sex. 3 Hours. N.

An evolutionary perspective on the behavior and biology of males and females in human society. Topics will include the evolution of sexual dimorphism, social and biological issues in human reproduction, primate social patterns, human sexual behavior and taboos, sex and social structure, and the sociobiology of sex. LEC.

ANTH 360. The Varieties of Human Experience. 3 Hours. NW AE42/GE3H/GE3S / S/W.

A more intensive treatment of ANTH 160. An introduction to basic concepts and themes in cultural anthropology by means of the comparative study of selected cultures from around the world, for the purpose of appreciating cultural diversity. Emphasis is on systems of belief and meaning. Not open to students who have taken ANTH 160. LEC.

ANTH 361. The Third World: Anthropological Approaches. 3-4 Hours. NW / S/W.

A more intensive treatment of the content of ANTH 161. Not open to students who have had ANTH 161. LEC.

ANTH 362. Peoples of Southeast Asia. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

An analysis of the cultural diversity and unity of the peoples of Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Emphasis on cultural-historical relationships and theories of cultural development and change. LEC.

ANTH 363. Gendered Modernity in East Asia. 3 Hours. S.

This course explores rapidly changing gender relationships and the sense of being "modern" in East Asia by examining marriage and family systems, work, education, consumer culture, and geopolitics. The class seeks to understand how uneven state control over men and women shapes desires, practices, and norms and how men and women act upon such forces. Avoiding biological or social determinism, this course treats gender as an analytical category and examines how modern nation-states and global geopolitics are constituted and operated. (Same as EALC 363 and WGSS 363.) LEC.

ANTH 364. Peoples of Japan and Korea. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

An analysis of the cultural diversity and unity of the peoples of Japan and Korea. Emphasis on historical and ethnological relationships, social structure, and ethics. (Same as EALC 364.) LEC.

ANTH 365. Japanese People through Film. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

Japanese people's culture and society through an extensive examination of both documentary and feature films. Readings from social science fields and literature will be used--the former to supply a theoretical framework for the study of Japanese people and the latter to further the inquiry into the individual sentiment motivating actions. (Same as EALC 365.) LEC.

ANTH 366. The Life Cycle in Japanese Culture and Literature. 3 Hours. NW / H/W.

A study of the Japanese people from birth to death: what it means to be born in a Japanese family, to grow up Japanese, and to die Japanese. Anthropological works and selections from Japanese literature and film will be used to examine ways in which Japanese people live through the critical periods in their life cycle. (Same as EALC 366.) LEC.

ANTH 368. The Peoples of China. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

An analysis of the cultural origin, diversity, and unity of the peoples of China. Emphasis on historical development, social structure, cultural continuity and change, and ethics. (Same as EALC 368.) LEC.

ANTH 370. Peoples and Cultures of the Pacific. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

A survey of the native cultures of Australia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. Investigation of the origins and dispersal of Pacific peoples, their cultural adaptations to differing habitats, their forms of social, political, and religious organization. Consideration of the problems and cultural changes resulting from colonization and modernization. Prerequisite: ANTH 100, ANTH 108, ANTH 160, ANTH 308, ANTH 360, or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 372. Religion, Power, and Sexuality in Arab Societies. 3 Hours. NW / S.

This course examines theories of religion, discourse, power, gender and sexuality in their application to Arab societies. The course introduces different aspects of Arab cultures. Through canonical works, we study political domination, tribal social organization, honor, tribe, shame, social loyalty, ritual initiations and discuss how these issues speak generally to anthropological inquiry. Regionally specific works are then framed by an additional set of readings drawn from anthropological, linguistics, and social theories. (Same as AAAS 372.) LEC.

ANTH 376. North American Indians. 3 Hours. NW AE41 / S/W.

A survey of American Indian cultures north of Mexico at the time of the first contact with Western civilization; detailed studies of selected Indian cultures. LEC.

ANTH 379. Indigenous Traditions of Latin America. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

A survey of the major indigenous traditions of Mesoamerica, the Andes, and lowland tropical Latin America. Coverage emphasizes how indigenous cultural traditions and societies have both continued and changed since the European Invasion and addresses such current issues as language rights, territorial rights, sovereignty, and state violence. Students enrolled in the 600-level section will be required to complete additional research and class leadership tasks. Not open to students who have taken LAA 634. (Same as LAA 334.) LEC.

ANTH 380. Peoples of South America. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

A survey of native peoples and cultures of South America from the time of initial Western contacts to the present day. LEC.

ANTH 382. People and the Rain Forest. 3 Hours. S.

An analysis of the cultural origin, diversity, and unity of the peoples of the neotropics. Emphasizing the peoples of Amazonia, the course introduces students to topics associated with the economic, political, and cultural dimensions of social life in rain forest communities. LEC.

ANTH 387. Field Research on Gender. 3 Hours. S.

This course examines gender roles and gender culture in Costa Rica, especially in the southern part of the country. Students will be introduced, both theoretically and practically, to feminist anthropology as well as gender ethnography. It covers academic literature about the topic, and literature written by women. The class will also discuss different types of machismo culture and the structures and functioning of families in southern Costa Rica. Class taught in Golfito, Costa Rica. Course taught in Spanish. Contact the Department of Anthropology, or the Office of Study Abroad. LEC.

ANTH 389. The Anthropology of Gender: Female, Male, and Beyond. 3 Hours. NW GE21.

This course will introduce students to cultural constructions and performances of masculinity, femininity, and alternative genders across time and space. Topics and cases will be drawn from primarily non-Western cultures, ranging from Javanese markets to Pacific Rim gardens, and from Haitian voudou to Maya royal politics. This course uses research by archeologists, linguists, anthropologists, and sociocultural anthropologists. (Same as WGSS 389.) LEC.

ANTH 397. Museum Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

An introduction to the historical background, practice, and ethical issues involved in the creation, presentation, and dissemination of anthropological information in a museum setting. Students participate in the study of a collection of material culture (artifacts) from the Museum of Anthropology, culminating in development of a script for an exhibit. FLD.

ANTH 400. Topics in Anthropology, Honors: _____. 3 Hours. H.

Selected issues and theories in contemporary anthropology (cultural, linguistic, biological, archaeological) for honors students. Topic for semester to be announced. May be repeated for credit if content varies. Prerequisite: Admission to the University Honors Program or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 401. Integrating Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

Capstone course that integrates the primary fields of anthropology. Students apply concepts and approaches from each field to a particular topic in preparation for and presentation of a cross-disciplinary and integrative final project. Prerequisite: Completion of all required introductory anthropology courses and two anthropology courses LEC.

ANTH 406. Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology. 3 Hours. S.

A survey of basic laboratory procedures associated with specimen preparation, analysis, classification, and measurement of archaeological materials, with emphasis on lithic and ceramic technology. Formal lectures and laboratory sections. LEC.

ANTH 410. Archaeological Myths and Realities. 3 Hours. S.

A more intensive treatment of the content of ANTH 210. Not open to students who have had ANTH 210. LEC.

ANTH 415. The Rise of Civilization. 3 Hours. S.

A study of evolutionary processes leading to the birth of the early great urban civilizations of the Old World and the New World. Patterns of growth and similarities and differences in the rise of urban complexes and states in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and in Mexico/Guatemala and Peru. LEC.

ANTH 418. Summer Archaeological Field Work. 1-8 Hours. AE61 / S.

Under the direction of a professional archaeologist, undergraduate and graduate students are taught proper procedures for the excavation and laboratory analysis of data from a prehistoric or historic archaeological site. Data gathered may be used for additional graduate research. Enrollment by application; limited to twenty students. A fee for subsistence costs will be charged. FLD.

ANTH 419. Training in Archaeological Field Work. 1-6 Hours. S.

Undergraduate and graduate students are taught techniques of archaeological field work, including survey and excavation, as well as laboratory procedures, including artifact classification and curation. FLD.

ANTH 430. Linguistics in Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

The study of language as a symbolic system. Exploration into the interrelatedness of linguistic systems, of nonlinguistic communicative systems, and of other cultural systems. (Same as LING 430.) LEC.

ANTH 440. Introduction to Primates. 3 Hours. N.

A review of the evolution and behavior of nonhuman primates. The survey includes the stages of primate evolution, morphology of living primates, and descriptions and analyses of primate behavioral patterns. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 442. Anthropological Genetics. 3 Hours. N.

Principles of human genetics involved in biological anthropology. The genetics of non-Western populations considered within an evolutionary framework. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 445. Topics in Biological Anthropology: _____. 3 Hours. N.

Seminar concentrating on selected problems and issues in contemporary biological anthropology. Topic for semester to be announced. Course may be repeated for a maximum of nine hours of credit. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 447. Human Behavioral Genetics. 3 Hours. S.

A survey of human behavioral genetics for upper division undergraduates. Emphasis is on how the methods and theories of quantitative, population, medical, and molecular genetics can be applied to individual and group differences in humans. Both normal and abnormal behaviors are covered, including intelligence, mental retardation, language and language disorders, communication, learning, personality, and psychopathology. (Same as BIOL 432, PSYC 432, SPLH 432.) Prerequisite: Introductory courses in biology/genetics or biological anthropology and psychology are recommended. LEC.

ANTH 449. Laboratory/Field Work in Human Biology. 1-3 Hours. AE61 / N.

Faculty supervised laboratory or field research for Human Biology majors. Students design and complete a research project in collaboration with a Human Biology faculty member. (Same as BIOL 449, SPLH 449, and PSYC 449.) Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and Human Biology major. FLD.

ANTH 459. Anthropology of Sex, Honors. 3 Hours. H.

The course is an introduction to the evolutionary study of human sexual behavior. Using an explicitly Darwinian framework, it examines the biological basis for human mate selection, male and female mating strategies, child-birth and child-care practices, parental care, marriage, and family structure. The power of Darwinian theory to predict human sexual behavior is tested in anthropological field studies, designed and carried out by students in the class. Class time is allocated for discussion of students' research as it progresses through each stage, and results are presented in the last weeks of the semester. Prerequisite: Introductory class in biology or biological anthropology. Open only to students in the University Honors Program, or by consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 460. Theory in Anthropology. 3 Hours. GE3H / S.

A critical examination of the main theories and concepts in cultural anthropology. Consideration of the philosophical presuppositions underlying past and current theoretical issues and trends. LEC.

ANTH 461. Introduction to Medical Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

An introduction to the social and cultural practices that contribute to health and disease, including a survey of therapy systems in both Western and non-Western societies (e.g., Native American, African, Western allopathic medicine, etc.). This course should be of special interest to premedical students and majors in the allied health professions. LEC.

ANTH 465. Genocide and Ethnocide. 3 Hours. S.

Study of the killing of peoples and cultures. Case studies, focusing primarily on tribal South America. Examination of the implications of these studies as regards our definition of culture and our evaluation of aid programs, missionary efforts, and international business expansion. LEC.

ANTH 474. Applied Cultural Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

Applications of anthropological theory, methods, and findings in programs of community and national development, public health, international aid, and military assistance. Examination of the role of the anthropologist, of ethics and values in intervention schemes, and of the organization of planned change in applied programs. Intensive analysis of selected case studies. FLD.

ANTH 480. Technology and Society in the Contemporary World. 3 Hours. AE61 / S.

The impact of scientific and technological advances on social and personal life in contemporary society. A wide range of topics will be dealt with during the semester; examples include the internet and new modes of communication, developments in genetics and medicine, and testing for intelligence, drugs, lie detection, and other purposes. LEC.

ANTH 482. Psychological Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

Introduction to the interrelationship of individual and society: processes of socialization, perception and cognition, personality and culture, with emphasis on the psychological interpretation of human behavior and the sociocultural contexts of psychological processes. Both ethnographic and cross-culturally comparative perspectives are introduced. LEC.

ANTH 484. Magic, Science, and Religion. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

A comparative study of religion and systems of value and belief in non-Western cultures. LEC.

ANTH 496. Reading and Research. 1-6 Hours. AE61 / S.

Individual investigation of special problems in anthropology. Maximum of three credit hours in any one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. IND.

ANTH 498. Seminar in Technology: _____. 3 Hours. S.

Topic for semester to be announced. LEC.

ANTH 499. Senior Honors Research. 1-6 Hours. AE61 / S.

Individual research under the direction of one or more instructors in the department. Maximum of four credit hours in any one semester. Prerequisite: A grade-point average of 3.5 in anthropology and 3.0 in all courses, and consent of instructor. IND.

ANTH 500. Topics in Archaeology: _____. 3 Hours. S.

Seminar concentrating on selected problems and issues in contemporary archaeology. Topic for semester to be announced. Course may be repeated for a maximum of nine hours of credit. Prerequisite: Successful completion of a course in archaeology at any level, or by permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 501. Topics in Sociocultural Anthropology: _____. 3 Hours. S.

Course concentrating on selected problems, theories, and issues in contemporary sociocultural anthropology. Topic for semester to be announced. LEC.

ANTH 502. Topics in Anthropological Linguistics: _____. 3 Hours. S.

Course concentrating on selected problems, theories, and issues in contemporary anthropological linguistics. Topic for semester to be announced. LEC.

ANTH 503. Topics in Biological Anthropology: _____. 3 Hours. S.

Course concentrating on selected problems, theories, and issues in contemporary biological anthropology. Topic for semester to be announced. LEC.

ANTH 504. North American Archaeology. 3 Hours. S.

A general survey of the archaeology of North America. Detailed coverage of selected problems. LEC.

ANTH 505. Prehistory of Eastern North America. 3 Hours. S.

A survey of the archaeological record of eastern North America from the late Pleistocene to the time of European contact. The diverse environments of eastern North America are considered in conjunction with the dynamic climatic and ecological changes which have occurred during the past 20,000 years to provide a background for study of the prehistoric groups who occupied the region. Topics will include the change in economies, technologies, and organization from the earliest hunter-gatherers through the development of pre-Colombian complex societies. Prerequisite: ANTH 110 or ANTH 310. LEC.

ANTH 506. Ancient American Civilizations: Mesoamerica. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

An archaeological survey of the Precolombian heritage of Mexico and Central America. The sites and cultures of the Olmecs, Teotihuacan, the Maya, the Zapotecs, the Toltecs, and the Aztecs will be considered in detail. Investigations of ancient art and architecture, crafts and technologies, trade and exchange, religious beliefs and practices, and writing and calendrical systems will be directed toward understanding the growth and the decline of these Native American civilizations. LEC.

ANTH 507. The Ancient Maya. 3 Hours. S/W.

An intensive examination of current scholarship on the ancient Maya civilization of Mexico and Central America. The course will consider Maya culture from its roots in early villages of the Preclassic period to the warring city-states of the Postclassic period. Topics will include settlement and subsistence systems, sociopolitical evolution, art and architecture, myth and symbolism, and Maya hieroglyphic writing. An important theme of the course will be the relevance of the Precolumbian Maya for understanding complex societies and contemporary Latin American Culture. Prerequisite: Successful completion of one of the following: ANTH 110, ANTH 310, ANTH 415, ANTH 506, or ANTH 508. LEC.

ANTH 508. Ancient American Civilizations: The Central Andes. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

An archaeological survey of the ancient peoples of Peru and neighboring countries in South America. The origins of complex societies on the coast and in the Andean highlands will be reviewed with special consideration of the role of "vertical" environments in the development of Andean social and economic systems. Cultures such as Chavin, Moche, Nazca, Huari, Tiahuanaco, Chimu, and the rise of the imperial Inca state will be examined through artifacts, architectural remains, and ethnohistoric documents. LEC.

ANTH 510. An Introduction to Southwestern Archaeology. 3 Hours. NW / S.

Consideration of the history and processes of cultural development from the evidence of humans' first presence to the historic period in the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Special attention will be devoted to the origins, changes within, and connections to modern Southwestern native peoples of three long-lived traditions known as Hohokam, Mogollon, and Anasazi. Prerequisite: ANTH 110 or ANTH 310. LEC.

ANTH 512. Ethnohistory: _____. 3 Hours. S.

A critical evaluation of the records (local traditions, written documents, maps, photographs, etc.) relevant to a reconstruction of the history of cultures. Topic for the semester to be announced. LEC.

ANTH 514. The Near East in Prehistory. 3 Hours. S.

A broad examination of the prehistory of the Near East, emphasizing selected regional and research themes. Discussion will include a consideration of cultural adaptation and environmental diversity, early history of archaeological work, and current research trends. While all cultural periods will be examined, a major emphasis will be on the origins of food production and Neolithic economies. LEC.

ANTH 515. Topics in Old World Prehistory: _____. 3 Hours. S.

Topic for the semester to be announced. An introductory course in archaeology recommended. LEC.

ANTH 516. Hunters and Gatherers. 3 Hours. S.

The diversity of hunter-gatherer cultures documented in the ethnographic and archaeological records is considered on a global scale, with particular attention given to the relationships between environment, technology, and organization. The evolution of hunter-gatherers from the earliest hominids until their interaction with more complex societies is considered, with emphasis given to the variation and nature of change in these societies. Prerequisite: ANTH 108 or ANTH 110, or ANTH 308 or ANTH 310. LEC.

ANTH 517. Geoarchaeology. 3 Hours. N.

Application of the concepts and methods of the geosciences to interpretation of the archeological record. The course will focus primarily on the field aspects of geoarchaeology (e.g., stratigraphy, site formational processes, and landscape reconstruction), and to a lesser extent on the array of laboratory approaches available. (Same as GEOG 532.) Prerequisite: GEOG 104, ANTH 110, or ANTH 310. LEC.

ANTH 518. Environment and Archaeology. 3 Hours. S.

An investigation of the relationships between the biophysical world and the development of human cultures. Examination of archaeological methods employed in the study of these relationships. LEC.

ANTH 519. Lithic Technology. 3 Hours. S.

An introduction to the analysis and interpretation of prehistoric stone industries. Topics discussed include origins and development of lithic technology, principles of description and typology, use and function of stone tools; interpretation of flint knapping. Prerequisite: An introductory course in archaeology. LEC.

ANTH 520. Archaeological Ceramics. 3 Hours. S.

Practicum in the method and theory of pottery analysis in archaeology. Topics include manufacturing techniques, classification, and compositional analysis of pottery artifacts, as well as strategies for interpreting the role of ceramic vessels in food production, storage, and consumption; social and ritual activities; trade and exchange; and the communication of ideas. Prerequisite: ANTH 110 or ANTH 310. LEC.

ANTH 521. Zooarchaeology. 3 Hours. S.

This course is intended to complement faunal identification with practical involvement in analyses and interpretation of archaeological faunal assemblages using a variety of modern methods. Students will participate in the study of specific archaeological faunal remains, development of comparative zooarchaeological collections, and in middle-range research to document the variety of agents that affect faunal remains. Prerequisite: ANTH 110 or ANTH 310. LEC.

ANTH 522. Paleoethnobotany. 3 Hours. S.

This course discusses the relationship between past human groups and their plant environment, including the use of plants for food, fuel, shelter, and household articles. Topics include a review of the development of paleoethnobotanical research, methods and techniques of data recovery, basics in plant identification, methods of data quantification and interpretation, and current research topics. In addition to selected readings, students will participate with the development of comparative botanical collections and the interpretation of botanical remains recovered from archaeological contexts. Prerequisite: ANTH 110 or ANTH 310. LEC.

ANTH 523. Great Plains Archaeology. 3 Hours. S.

A survey is provided of the archaeological record and its interpretations for the Great Plains area of North America. The records from earliest human occupation, variation in hunter and gatherer societies, to horticultural and farming societies, and the historic period are reviewed. The history of archaeological research in the region, explanatory frameworks and models, and discussion of changes in economy, technology, mobility, social organization, and population movements are among the topics of concern. LEC.

ANTH 540. Demographic Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

This course will survey demographic topics that are relevant to anthropological research and theory. Topics will include family and household structure, fertility, nuptiality, mortality, migration, and paleodemography. Emphasis will be placed on methods in use in these areas and applications from the literature. Prerequisite: Three courses in anthropology (at least one in physical and one in cultural) or graduate standing. LEC.

ANTH 542. Biology of Human Nutrition. 4 Hours. N.

Lecture and discussion. A comprehensive introduction to human nutrition, focusing on the anatomical, biochemical, and physiological aspects of nutrition. The essential nutrients and their role in human metabolism are covered in detail, and the course's systemic approach places a strong emphasis on integration of metabolism. Students also are introduced to human dietary evolution, the concept of nutritional adaptation, and cross-cultural differences in diet and nutritional physiology. Discussion sections focus on applied aspects of human nutrition, including dietary assessment. The course is a prerequisite for ANTH 543, which is recommended as the second course in a sequence on human nutrition. Prerequisite: ANTH 104 or ANTH 304, and BIOL 152. Students who have not had BIOL 152 should have taken a comparable introductory course in organismal physiology. LEC.

ANTH 543. Anthropology of Food and Nutrition. 3 Hours. N.

The first half of the course focuses on nutrition through the life cycle, with an emphasis on biological, cultural, and environmental factors that influence human dietary intake and nutrition across the life span. Particular attention is given to the role of nutrition in cross-cultural variation in human growth, development, and aging. The second half of the course examines evolutionary aspects of human nutrition, including the origins and adaptive significance of regional and cultural basis. The development of taste and food preferences, at the level of the individual and population, as well as symbolic aspects of dietary behavior also will be considered. Prerequisite: ANTH 542 or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 544. Origins of Native Americans. 3 Hours. N.

A survey of the genetic, linguistic, historic, archaeological, and morphological evidence for the origins of indigenous populations of the Americas. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 545. Contemporary Health Issues in Africa. 3 Hours. S.

The course examines health and nutrition in African communities, using the methods of biological and medical anthropology. Fundamental to the approach taken in the course is the understanding that the health of human groups depends on interactions between biological and cultural phenomena in a particular ecological context. One topic will be selected per semester, to examine in detail the full array of epidemiological factors contributing to patterns of specific diseases. AIDS, childhood diseases, and reproductive health of African women are among possible topics. Course material will be selected from scholarly and medical publications, as well as coverage in the popular media. The use of a variety of sources will enhance understanding of the biological and cultural issues involved and will help students identify possible bias and misinformation in popular coverage of events such as famine or epidemic in African settings. (Same as AAAS 554.) Prerequisite: An introductory course in either anthropology or African studies. LEC.

ANTH 549. Human Paleontology: Fossil Apes to Australopithecus. 3 Hours. N.

This course is an intensive survey of the fossil evidence for hominoid evolution up to the emergence of the first hominids--Australopithecus. Topics include the origin and evolution of the great apes, gibbons, and extinct forms such as Ramapithecus and Gigantopithecus, as well as the appearance of Australopithecines. Functional morphology is stressed. This course may be taken either before or after ANTH 550. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 550. Human Paleontology: Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens. 3 Hours. N.

The rise of genus Homo is the theme of this course. Fossils representing erectus, Neanderthal, Upper Paleolithic, and post-Pleistocene forms are discussed in detail with particular emphasis on the relationship between cultural and morphological change. The course is a continuation of ANTH 549, but may be taken out of sequence. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 555. Evolution of Human Diseases. 3 Hours. N.

This course traces the evolution of human diseases over the past 3 million years. Topics include paleopathology, epidemics/pandemics, genetic adaptations to diseases, and emerging/reemerging diseases. In addition, interrelationships between humans and diseases, coupled with interactions with other animals, vectors, and natural and cultural environments are discussed. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 560. Introduction to Economic Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

This course uses ethnographic case materials to explore the ways humans provision themselves under different social and environmental conditions. It introduces the basic theories, concepts, and debates of economic anthropology and provides a foundation for more advanced courses in this subdiscipline. Prerequisite: ANTH 108/308 or ANTH 160/360, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 561. Indigenous Development in Latin America. 3 Hours. AE42 / S.

Surveys the history of the development enterprise since WWII, examines the marginalization and impoverishment of Latin America's indigenous peoples, and provides training to carry out projects for and with them to enhance their quality of life. Development is understood as not merely technological or economic, but also social, emotional, and educational. Students work in teams to design their own mock development project. A 3-credit non-obligatory companion course, Applied Anthropological Field School among the Ch'orti' Maya, will follow in the intersession after each version of this course. (Same as LAA 561.) Prerequisite: ANTH 100, ANTH 108, ANTH 160 or LAA 100; or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 562. Mexamerica. 3 Hours. AE41 / S.

This class surveys the relations between Mexico and the U.S. as nation-states, and among Mexicans, Mexican Americans, and Anglo Americans (to a lesser extent other U.S. citizens) in historical perspective. Issues of sovereignty, national and ethnic identity, immigration, migration, labor relations, popular culture, media, and transnational economics are covered. Prerequisite: ANTH 108/308 or ANTH 160/360 or LAA 100. LEC.

ANTH 563. Cultural Diversity in the United States. 3 Hours. SC / S.

Anthropological approaches to racial, ethnic, religious, and localized communities in contemporary U.S. Surveys major theories from social science, considers case studies of immigrant indigenous peoples from historical and contemporary, local, national, and international perspectives, and addresses questions concerning the sources, conditioners, and consequences of in-group and out-group identities. Prerequisite: Introductory cultural anthropology and one cultural course numbered 300 or above, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 564. The Peoples of Africa. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

"Peoples of Africa" examines the anthropology of Sub-Saharan Africa through selected case studies of particular societies and issues that have wider comparative relevance. Normally two to four societies are selected for the semester and studied through ethnographic, historical, and literary monographs. These case studies are examined in their pre-colonial, colonial, and postcolonial histories. Lectures, readings, and exercises emphasize three kinds of reasoning -- geographical, historical, and cultural context -- required to grasp events and issues in unfamiliar societies. The course also features major anthropological ideas that emerged in the study of African society, and tracks how anthropology has been adapted by African scholars, policy makers, and activists. LEC.

ANTH 565. Popular Images in Japanese Culture, Literatures, and Films. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

The course examines recurring themes and images in Japanese culture through films, literary works, and anthropological and other social science literature. These themes and images are studied in the contexts of both modern and traditional cultures. Although the popular deviates from the orthodox, nevertheless, the energy and pervasiveness of these bastard offspring enforce and sustain "proper" cultural values. As a result of exploration of both highways and backroads of cultural expression, a holistic picture of Japanese ethos will emerge. (Same as EALC 565.) LEC.

ANTH 567. Japanese Ghosts and Demons. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

An investigation of deeply rooted Japanese beliefs about intimate relationships among humans, animals, and nature - beliefs which help to explain the mysterious and to lend order to the world. Anthropological works, selections from Japanese literature, historical documents, artworks, and films will be used to examine supernatural themes. (Same as EALC 567.) LEC.

ANTH 568. Kongo Trans-Atlantic. 3 Hours. S.

This seminar explores Kongo culture and history through a cross-section of the African-Atlantic World: Western Equatorial Africa and related New World societies in Jamaica, Brazil, Haiti, Cuba, and the Georgia and Carolina Coasts, and New Orleans (thus in former British, Portuguese, French, Spanish, and U.S. colonial territories). The seminar will assess recent scholarship on patterns of slavery and resistance, cultural and linguistic change, creolization and hybridization. (Same as AAAS 568) . LEC.

ANTH 569. Contemporary Central America and Mexico. 3 Hours. S.

Mexico and Central America have formed a cultural interaction zone for thousands of years, and today share common challenges, particularly political, economic, and social ones related to the Spanish colonial legacy, U.S. involvement, and their place in the global economy. Some of the issues addressed include racism, civil war, migration, youth gangs, narco-trafficking, resource extraction, homeless children, the transition from local subsistence economies to low-income work, and struggles for indigenous rights. Prerequisite: ANTH 160 or ANTH 162, or ANTH 360, ANTH 108 or ANTH 308, or LAA 100. LEC.

ANTH 570. Anthropology of Violence. 3 Hours. S.

Introduces students to the comparative and cross-cultural study of violence. The course begins by surveying different anthropological approaches to the study of violence, with special attention paid to classical social theorists as well as ethnographic works. Topics may include (post) coloniality and identity politics, nationalism, race, religion, and political culture; geographic areas to be covered may include Africa, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and South Asia. LEC.

ANTH 571. Violence, Aggression, and Terrorism in the Modern World. 3-4 Hours. S.

A cultural and psychological analysis of the sources, dynamics, effects, and practices of modern patterns of violence. Variations in psycho/social reactions to violence will be examined with reference to personal, social, and cross-cultural characteristics. Particular attention will be given to the cultural and individual characteristics of people who successfully survive violence and terrorism targeted at them. Emphasis will be upon the psychological and cultural origins of terrorism and violence in modern societies. Prerequisite: Introductory course in anthropology or psychology. LEC.

ANTH 580. Feminism and Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

This seminar will introduce students to feminism in anthropology, including feminist theories, methodologies, ethnographic styles, and the history of women in the discipline since the late 1800s. Emphasis is on the social contexts for feminist theory-building since the 1960s and changing ideas about gender and power. (Same as WGSS 580.) Prerequisite: One of the following: ANTH 389, ANTH 460, WGSS 201; or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 582. Ethnobotany. 3 Hours. S.

Course will involve lectures and discussion of ethnobotany - the mutual relationship between plants and traditional people. Research from both the field of anthropology and botany will be incorporated in this course to study the cultural significance of plant materials. The course has 7 main areas of focus: 1) Methods in Ethnobotanical Study; 2) Traditional Botanical Knowledge - knowledge systems, ethnolinguistics; 3) Edible and Medicinal Plants of North America (focus on North American Indians); 4) Traditional Phytochemistry - how traditional people made use of chemical substances; 5) Understanding Traditional Plant Use and Management; 6) Applied Ethnobotany; commercialization and conversation (focus on traditional harvest of plant materials); 7) Ethnobotany in Sustainable Development (focus on medicinal plant exploration by pharmaceutical companies in Latin America). (Same as EVRN 542.) Prerequisite: ANTH 104, ANTH 108, EVRN 148, or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 583. Love, Sex, and Globalization. 3 Hours. S.

Escalating transnational flows of information, commodities, and people have created innumerable kinds of "intimate" contacts on a global scale, such as mail order brides, child adoption, sex tourism, commodified romance, and emotional labor. Exploring the ways that cultural artifacts of intimacy are rendered, fetishized, and reified in a free market economy, this course examines how discourses on love and sex encounter, confront, and negotiate the logics of the capitalist market, the discrepant narratives of (colonial) modernity, and the ethics of pleasure. In so doing, this course navigates the treacherous interplay among emotions-specifically love, sex, and money, seeking the potential and limits of cultural politics of emotions. (Same as WGSS 583.) LEC.

ANTH 586. Visual Anthropology. 3 Hours. U.

This course takes a hands-on approach to the study of theory, ethics, and methods in visual ethnographic representation. Students also read and consider historical dimensions in this subdiscipline and complete individual and team projects in photographic and videographic media. Prerequisite: An introductory course in cultural anthropology or permission of the instructor. LEC.

ANTH 587. Multidisciplinary Field School in Partnership with the Chorti Maya. 3 Hours. S.

Teams of interdisciplinary students partner with the Chorti Maya of Guatemala and Honduras to share information and experiences. One third of the course consists of readings and 4-5 orientation sessions on campus, and two thirds entails two weeks in Central America. Examples of activities might include historical research, water testing and improvement, photography, art, music, tourism consultation, marketing of crafts, human rights advocacy, web design, computer training, and museum work, among others. There are no prerequisites, but students with a working knowledge of Spanish will receive preference for admission. (Same as LAA 587.) LEC.

ANTH 595. The Colonial Experience. 3 Hours. NW / S/W.

An anthropological and historical examination of the processes and dynamics of the colonial experience. Cross-cultural psychosocial phenomena that have profoundly affected the values and social organizations of both colonizers and colonized will be emphasized. Specific examples will be chosen from the former American, Japanese, and European colonial empires with emphasis on Asia. LEC.

ANTH 603. Shamanism Past and Present. 3 Hours. S.

This course explores shamanism, broadly defined as the practice of gaining insight through the use of ecstatic techniques (dance, drumming, trance, vision quests, and the use of psychotropic substances) for the purpose of interpreting existence and healing illnesses, through a consideration of theories and evidence for its practice from Upper Paleolithic times to the present day. Examples from the ancient cultures of Asia, Europe, Africa, Australia, and the Americas are used to explore current theoretical approaches in order to identify shamans and shamanism in the past. Issues of identifying shamans and shamanism in art and archaeological contexts are discussed. The course also explores the role that shamanism plays in a wide variety of cultures. The principal goal of the course is to provide a reasoned, critical interpretation of shamanism in the context of contemporary debates about its definition and active practice. Prerequisite: ANTH 108/308 or ANTH 110/310 or ANTH 160/360. LEC.

ANTH 605. Mortuary Practices in the Archaeological Record. 3 Hours. S.

Students study theories and methods of burial practices in the archaeological record. They learn about past communities; attitudes toward death and burial and how social organization, complexity, ideology, power, gender and age roles contribute to mortuary practices. The course examines a variety of Old and New World examples from different chronological periods through class presentations, debates and written assignments. The course focuses on comparisons and evaluation of traditional and current methods and approaches. Prerequisite: ANTH 100/300 or ANTH 110/310 or instructor's consent. LEC.

ANTH 619. Field Concepts and Methods in Geoarchaelogy. 3 Hours. S.

A field course taught during the three week summer session. Involves all-day excursions to different regions in order to introduce students to a variety of archaeological landscapes and environments. Focuses on the application of geoscientific concepts and methods in archaeological field investigations, emphasizing natural processes such as erosion, deposition, weathering, and biological and human activity that create and modify the archaeological record, and on soil-stratigraphic and geophysical approaches to landscape and site investigations. LEC.

ANTH 648. Human Osteology. 4 Hours. N.

Techniques in bone identification, sex, race, age determination, stature reconstruction, paleopathology, and bone biology are reviewed. Prerequisite: An introductory course in physical anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LAB.

ANTH 650. Human Reproduction: Biology and Behavior. 3 Hours. N.

This is a comprehensive course in the biology of human reproduction (anatomy, physiology, and endocrinology). The implications of human reproductive biology for the evolution of human behavior are considered as well. Students also examine in detail the methods and theories underlying two interconnected approaches utilized by biological anthropologists in the study of human reproduction: human reproductive ecology, which focuses on the biological determinants of human reproductive function and reproductive success, and human behavioral ecology, which focuses on evolutionary relationships between human reproductive strategies and human social behavior. The course is the first part of a two-semester sequence (ANTH 650 and ANTH 660) that examines in detail biological and cultural determinants of human reproductive strategies. Prerequisite: ANTH 359 or BIOL 152 or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 652. Population Dynamics. 3 Hours. N.

Examination of possible interrelationships between the demographic structure of a population and the forces of evolution. Students are exposed to field methods and techniques of population studies. Prerequisite: An introductory course in anthropology, biology, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 660. Human Reproduction: Culture, Power, and Politics. 3 Hours. S.

This seminar analyzes and critiques the socially constructed nature of reproductive practices and their articulation with relations of power. Topics range from conception to menopause, infertility to population. Cases are drawn from a wide variety of cultural contexts. This course is the second part of a two-semester sequence (beginning with ANTH 650) that examines in detail biological and cultural determinants of human reproduction. (Same as WGSS 660.) Prerequisite: ANTH 650, or 6 hours in women's studies, or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 661. Cultural Dynamics. 3 Hours. S.

A survey of representative studies of the processes of cultural stability and change, and of theories of innovation, diffusion, acculturation, growth, and planned intervention in cultural processes. LEC.

ANTH 663. The Anthropology of Islam. 3 Hours. NW / H.

This course uses critical readings of major anthropological works on Islam to: 1) analyze various interpretations of "Islamic cultures" through a discussion of regionally-grounded works, and 2) examine how the anthropological study of Islam also is informed by theoretical and philosophical approaches to major anthropological questions, such as religion, myth, kinship, social organization, and power. The course offers both a history of various interpretations of Islam as well as a history of theories of these interpretations. (Same as AAAS 663.) LEC.

ANTH 664. Women, Health, and Healing in Africa. 3 Hours. H.

The course explores the values, practices, cultural systems and social-economic conditions that influence the sickness and health of women in Africa. The focus is on theoretical and applied debates and issues including: contraception, infertility, and reproduction; HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections; spiritual suffering and mental illness; trauma and violence; chronic illness, disability, and aging; pharmaceuticals, biotechnologies, and clinical research. Prerequisite: 6 hours of coursework in Anthropology and/or Women's Studies and/or African American Studies. LEC.

ANTH 665. Women, Health, and Healing in Latin America. 3 Hours. S.

This seminar uses a life-cycle approach to examine women's health (physical, mental, and spiritual) and their roles as healers. Special consideration is given to the effects of development programs on well-being, access to health care, and changing roles for women as healers. Cases will be drawn from a variety of Latin American contexts. (Same as WGSS 665 and LAA 665.) Prerequisite: 6 hours of coursework in anthropology and/or women's studies and/or Latin American studies. LEC.

ANTH 666. Anthropology of Religion. 3 Hours. S.

An examination of the various approaches (individual, ritual, and cognitive) anthropologists have adopted in the study of religion, with emphasis on millenarian and prophetic movements as examples of radical change. LEC.

ANTH 667. Primitive Mythology. 3 Hours. S/W.

Methods of studying the mythology of nonliterate peoples; historical survey of theories of myth; consideration of worldwide myths and primitive mythologies from specific cultures. LEC.

ANTH 670. Contemporary American Culture. 3 Hours. S.

An anthropological investigation, in seminar format, of the social consequences of transformations in today's society. Specific topics may include: the information explosion; developments in science and technology; genetics and assisted reproduction; ethnic and cultural diversity; and changing views of the normal and abnormal, sexual and other forms of relationships, and of the self. Prerequisite: An introductory course in cultural anthropology, sociology, or American studies. LEC.

ANTH 671. The Culture of Consumption: (E.G. United States and Japan). 3 Hours. S.

Examines the ideologies of capitalism and consumerism as they influence social institutions and daily life. Topics for consideration grow out of instructors' interests and may include areas such as class, religion, advertising, politics, gender, medicine, environment, childhood, and education. Prerequisite: ANTH 560 or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 672. Meat and Drink in America. 3 Hours. S.

This seminar examines food and beverage production and consumption in the United States. Organized metaphorically as a meal, the course explores where food and beverages come from, how they are produced and by whom, and what they mean to us as eaters and drinkers. Although the course surveys food and beverage production and consumption in general, special attention is given to meat and poultry, alcohol, coffee, carbonated drinks, regional foods, opposition to consumption of meat and alcohol, and tobacco. LEC.

ANTH 673. Neoliberalism and Globalization. 3 Hours. S.

Transnational processes profoundly shape the 21st century human experience. This course links theories of economic globalization with ethnographic case materials. It explores the spread of the dominant ideology driving these processes and the effects of neoliberal policies on the urgent and vital matters facing humanity today: war and peace, social justice, democracy, cultural pluralism, and ecologically sustainable development. The course thereby links macro-economic policies to the experiences of families, workers, communities, women, indigenous peoples, and other social groups. Prerequisite: ANTH 560 or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 674. Political Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

Analysis of political systems of tribal societies and of pre-industrial states. LEC.

ANTH 675. Anthropology of Law. 3 Hours. S.

Comparative analysis of the legal and political strategies used to achieve social control in both Western and non-Western cultures. Emphasis on the differential use of customary and legal sanctions, formalized procedures of negotiation or adjudication, and the role of legal specialists in society. LEC.

ANTH 676. Culture Wars. 3 Hours. S.

A seminar exploring the political, religious, cultural and ideological antagonisms that divide contemporary society. Topics of dissension to be treated may include Christianity vs. Islam, evolutionism vs. intelligent design, attitudes pertaining to sexual orientation, and the proper relation between church and state. LEC.

ANTH 680. Culture and Human Biology. 3 Hours. S.

A lecture course concerned with the relationship between culture and biological systems; the prohibition of incest; socialization and aggression in ethnological studies; disease and therapy; and other alterations of mind and body states. LEC.

ANTH 684. Anthropology and the Health Sciences. 3 Hours. S.

Ecology of human health; cultural and social factors in the etiology of human diseases; social and cultural variables involved in health practices, programs, the organization of healing systems and the diagnostic process; the consequences of health innovations and medicotechnical apparatus. LEC.

ANTH 690. The Social Construction of the Self. 3 Hours. AE42/GE3H / S.

A seminar exploring concepts of the self as the product of variable social and cultural conditions. Consideration of dominant anthropological and interdisciplinary theories of the self and how the self is construed in various societies from Asia, the Pacific, and elsewhere. LEC.

ANTH 695. Cultural Ecology. 3 Hours. S.

Investigation of the interrelations between sociocultural systems and the natural environment, including a survey of major theories and descriptive studies. (Same as GEOG 670.) LEC.

ANTH 696. Language, Culture and Ethnicity in Prehistoric Eastern Europe. 3 Hours. S.

The course is for students who wish to understand the prehistory of Eastern Europe with special attention to the Slavs. The interdisciplinary course examines East European prehistory from the perspectives of archaeology and linguistics, considering also how ideologies have influenced the interpretation of results. No language prerequisite. (Same as SLAV 635) LEC.

ANTH 699. Anthropology in Museums. 3 Hours. S.

The course reviews the history of archeological, ethnographic, physical anthropological and other types of collections. It also considers current issues facing anthropologists, such as: contested rights to collections and the stories that accompany them; representation and interpretation of cultures; art and artifact; conceptualization, design and building of exhibitions; and anthropological research and education in the museum. LEC.

ANTH 701. History of Anthropology. 3 Hours.

Development of the field of anthropology and its relations with intellectual history. Emphasis on method and theory in historical context. Required of all M.A.-level students in anthropology. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor or graduate standing. LEC.

ANTH 702. Current Archaeology. 3 Hours.

An introduction to fundamental theoretical orientations and methodological approaches in world archaeology. Case studies illustrate data acquisition, dating methods, culture history, paleoenvironmental models, and culture processes. Required of all M.A.-level students in anthropology. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor or graduate standing. LEC.

ANTH 703. Current Biological Anthropology. 3 Hours.

The fundamental issues, methods, and theories in contemporary biological anthropology. Required of all M.A.-level students in anthropology. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor or graduate standing. LEC.

ANTH 704. Current Cultural Anthropology. 3 Hours.

The fundamental issues, methods, and theories in contemporary cultural anthropology and anthropological linguistics. Required of all M.A.-level students in anthropology. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor or graduate standing. LEC.

ANTH 705. Technological Change: _____. 3 Hours.

Studies in technological change through invention, evolution, and diffusion. Topic for semester to be announced. LEC.

ANTH 706. Current Linguistic Anthropology. 3 Hours.

This course will cover fundamental issues, methods, and theories in contemporary linguistic anthropology. (Same as LING 706.) Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of the instructor. LEC.

ANTH 707. Responsible Research and Scholarship in Anthropology. 3 Hours.

This course examines a range of issues critical to responsible research, scholarship, and practice in anthropology. Required for all doctoral students in Anthropology. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. SEM.

ANTH 710. History of American Archaeology. 3 Hours.

A survey of the development of method and theory in American archaeology, with emphasis on North America. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 715. Seminar in North American Archaeology. 2-4 Hours.

In-depth examination of specific problems and issues in the study of archaeology in North America including the Arctic. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Archaeology or instructor's consent. SEM.

ANTH 718. Seminar in Latin American Archaeology:_____. 3 Hours.

In-depth examination of specific problems and issues in the study of Precolombian societies of Mesoamerica, Central America, and South America. Topic for semester to be announced. Prerequisite: ANTH 506, ANTH 508, and/or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 720. Seminar in Old World Prehistory: _____. 2-4 Hours.

Studies of prehistoric cultures and their natural environments. Topic for semester to be announced. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in anthropology or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 725. Introduction to Linguistic Science. 3 Hours.

An introduction to the theory and techniques of linguistic science for majors and others intending to do advanced work in linguistics and linguistic anthropology. Emphasis on the sound system, grammatical structure, and semantic structure of languages. Lectures and laboratory sessions. (Same as LING 700.) Not open to students who have taken ANTH/LING 106 or ANTH/LING 107. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. LEC.

ANTH 730. Linguistics in Anthropology. 3 Hours.

The study of language as it concerns anthropology. Language systems in relation to culture, language taxonomy, semantics, and linguistic analysis as an ethnographic tool. (Same as LING 730.) Prerequisite: Graduate standing. LEC.

ANTH 732. Discourse Analysis. 3 Hours.

This course focuses on linguistic frameworks for the analysis of discourse. Discourse is a linguistic system larger than the sentence (utterance), which connects and contextualizes speech and written text. This course focuses on current issues and theoretical frameworks in the analysis of discourse. Using oral and written data, students will examine how contexts influence and shape linguistic form. Topics covered include transcription systems, the structure and organization of different genres of language, and the performance of social actions, including stance-taking, framing, and the construction of identity. Students will also have an opportunity to perform discourse analytic research on the data of their choice. (Same as LING 732.) Prerequisite: ANTH 706 or permission of the instructor. LEC.

ANTH 733. Language, Gender and Sexuality. 3 Hours.

This course focuses on the complex relationship between language use and the social construction of gender and sexuality i.e. how language is used in the construction of gender and sexuality, and how gender and sexuality are performed and enacted through language. Examines theoretical notions of language, gender, and sexuality from linguistics, linguistic anthropology, and sociology. Among the topics covered are cross-cultural definitions of masculinity and femininity, construction of gendered and sexual identities through language use, language and power, ideologies, style, and performativity. The course will consider research on language, gender, and sexuality from a variety of cultures within the last 50 years. (Same as LING 733.) Prerequisite: ANTH 706 or permission of the instructor. LEC.

ANTH 734. Language Evolution. 3 Hours.

Human language demonstrates a level of complexity not found in the communicative systems of other species. This course focuses on the development of human language, so as to obtain a better understanding of the origin and development of human language. Questions addressed include: what features of language are distinct from other communicative system, when did human language originate, in what stages did human language evolve, and how does language relate to properties of the human brain and mind? Data from a variety of disciplines will be considered, including primatology, human development, cognition, evolutionary biology, archaeology, and linguistics. (Same as LING 734.) Prerequisite: ANTH 106 or ANTH 107 or LING 106 or LING 107 or ANTH 736 or LING 708 or ANTH 725. LEC.

ANTH 736. Linguistic Analysis. 3 Hours.

Practice in applying the techniques of phonological, grammatical, and syntactic analysis learned in introductory linguistics to data taken from a variety of languages of different structural types. (Same as LING 708.) Prerequisite: An introductory course in linguistics. Not open to students who have taken LING 308. LEC.

ANTH 740. Linguistic Data Processing. 3 Hours.

The tools and techniques necessary to analyze linguistic fieldwork data, including research design, recording and elicitation techniques, computational data processing and analysis, and field ethics. Techniques of research, field recording, and data analysis technology. Methods of phonetic transcription, grammatical annotation, and analysis of language context. Practice of techniques via short studies of at least one language. (Same as LING 740.) Prerequisite: LING 700 or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 741. Field Methods in Linguistic Description. 3 Hours.

The elicitation and analysis of phonological, grammatical, and discourse data from a language consultant. In-depth research on one language. Techniques of research design, methods of phonetic transcription, grammatical annotation, and analysis of language context. (Same as LING 741.) Prerequisite: LING 705 or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 743. Nutritional Anthropology: Methods and Theory. 3 Hours.

This is an intensive course aimed explicitly at graduate students whose research involves some aspect of human dietary behavior (foodways) and human nutrition. It examines the application of both biological and cultural theory to the study of human nutrition and cross-population variation in nutritional strategies and dietary practices. Topics include, among others, the evolution of human nutrition, environment and nutrition, nutritional epigenetics, effects of food scarcity, the cultural meanings of food, food as metaphor, and food and language. A second emphasis of the course is on field methods in nutritional anthropology, including dietary interviews, observation of dietary behaviors, nutritional and anthropometric assessment, nutrient analysis and ever-expanding field methods in nutritional ecology (nutritional endocrinology, physiology and genetics). Ethical issues in nutritional anthropology also are considered. Prerequisite: Graduate student status or permission from instructor. LEC.

ANTH 747. North American Indian Languages. 3 Hours.

Introduction to the nature and distribution of North American Indian languages. Prerequisite: ANTH 306 or ANTH 430 or ANTH 730. LEC.

ANTH 748. Language Contact. 3 Hours.

Theories and case studies of languages in contact. Areal and genetic linguistics, genesis of pidgins and creoles, multilingualism. Social, political, economic, and geographic factors in language change. (Same as LING 748.) Prerequisite: A course in linguistics. LEC.

ANTH 749. Linguistics and Ethnolinguistics of China and Central Asia: _____. 3 Hours.

Selected topics in linguistics and linguistic anthropology, focusing on dominant and/or minority languages of China, Central Asia, or a particular region of Central and Eastern Eurasia. Topics may include any subfield of linguistics, including language contact, typology, dialectology, and sociolinguistics. Topic for semester to be announced. (Same as LING 749.) Prerequisite: A course in linguistics. LEC.

ANTH 754. Biological Bases of Human Behavior. 3 Hours.

The role of behavioral genetics in normal behavior is examined in this seminar. There is special emphasis on the genetics of complex human behavior such as sensory perception, aggression, intelligence, proxemics, kinesics, and learning. Several abnormal conditions, such as schizophrenia, chromosomal aberrations, alcoholism, and brain dysfunction are discussed in terms of the genetic and environmental interactions. LEC.

ANTH 756. Genetics of Isolates. 3 Hours.

The evolutionary effects of finite population size and reproductive isolation are discussed in this seminar. Stochastic processes, genetic distances, approaches to population structure, and measures of inbreeding are considered. Prerequisite: ANTH 652 or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 759. Dental Anthropology. 3 Hours.

An intensive study of human teeth. Principles of eruption, growth, genetics, anatomy, pathologies, measurements, casting, and cultural changes in teeth will be presented. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 761. Introduction to Medical Anthropology. 3 Hours. SC.

An introduction to the social and cultural practices that contribute to health and disease, including a survey of therapy systems in both Western and non-Western societies (e.g., Native American, African, Western allopathic medicine, etc.). This course should be of special interest to premedical students and majors in the allied health professions. Graduate version of ANTH 461 with more advanced requirements. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 762. Human Growth and Development. 3 Hours.

Consideration of comparative physical growth patterns throughout the human life cycle. Sex and population differences in skeletal, dental, and sexual maturation. Effect of genetic and environmental factors upon growth and maturation. Prerequisite: An introductory course in biological anthropology or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 764. Selected Topics in Human Paleontology: _____. 3 Hours.

Intensive, high-level survey and critique of the application of modern biological theory of evolution and taxonomy to the problems of primate and human evolution. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 766. Topics in Biological Anthropology: _____. 3 Hours.

Topic for semester to be announced. Students may repeat the course for different topics. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 769. Seminar in Primate Studies. 3 Hours.

Survey of field and laboratory investigations of the comparative anatomy and behavior of nonhuman primates. LEC.

ANTH 770. Research Methods in Physical Anthropology. 3 Hours.

A practical course in the use of special laboratory techniques of biological anthropological research and methods of data presentation. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LAB.

ANTH 775. Seminar in Cultural Anthropology: _____. 3-9 Hours.

Intensive consideration of special problems in cultural anthropology. Topic for semester to be announced. LEC.

ANTH 778. Seminar in Applied Cultural Anthropology. 3 Hours. S.

Selected problems in applying anthropological theory, methods, and findings in programs of directed change. FLD.

ANTH 780. Social Organization. 3 Hours.

Comparative analysis of the structure, development, and function of human social groups. Emphasis on kinship, legal, economic, and political institutions. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 781. Symbolic Anthropology. 3 Hours.

An examination of anthropological approaches to religion, world view, and other symbol systems in simple and complex societies. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 783. Doing Ethnography. 3 Hours.

Ethnography is both process and product. The product, a representation of a culture (or selected aspects of a culture), is based on fieldwork, the common term for the ethnographic process. This course explores how ethnographers prepare for the field, do their fieldwork, then report it. LEC.

ANTH 785. Topics in Ethnology: _____. 3 Hours.

Topic for semester to be announced. Usually the course will focus on selected problems in the social and cultural life of a people in a particular geographic region of the world. Coverage will include both the classical ethnological literature as well as special issues of current concern. Students may repeat the course for different topics. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 786. Ethnographic Documentary Production. 3 Hours.

This course combines classroom and fieldwork in applications of theories, ethics, and methods of visual representation. Students carry out team-based ethnographic fieldwork projects through which they learn about pre-production, video production, and nonlinear post-production of ethnographic video documentaries. Prerequisite: Successful completion of ANTH 564 or permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 788. Symbol Systems: _____. 3 Hours.

Anthropological approaches to the study of worldview, religion, folklore, mythology, art, and other expressive behavior. Topic for the semester to be announced. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 789. Anthropology of Gender: Advanced Seminar in the Four Fields. 3 Hours.

This seminar is intended primarily for graduate students in anthropology or other disciplines that share an interest in any of the subdisciplines of anthropology (archaeology, linguistic anthropology, biological anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology) and/or anthropological theories and methods. Undergraduates pursuing Honors or other major research projects are also encouraged to participate. Students will receive training in the contemporary theories, research, and pedagogies informing the anthropology of gender. Class participants will explore how these materials intersect with their current thesis or research projects and develop syllabi specific to their subdiscipline. (Same as WGSS 789.) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 794. Material Culture. 3 Hours.

The historical and cross-cultural study of artifacts as embodiments of technological, social, organizational, and ideological aspects of culture. LEC.

ANTH 799. Anthropology Museum Apprenticeship. 1-6 Hours.

Provides directed, practical experience in research, collection care and management, public education, and exhibits, with emphasis to suit the particular requirements of each student. Limit of six hours of credit for the M.A. degree. (Same as AMS 799, BIOL 799, GEOL 723, HIST 799, and MUSE 799.) FLD.

ANTH 810. Seminar in Ethnolinguistics: _____. 2-3 Hours.

An advanced study of the relations between language and culture. Subject will vary each semester; students may repeat the course more than once. (Same as LING 810.) LEC.

ANTH 811. Quantitative Archaeology. 3 Hours.

Instruction in statistical methods for analyzing quantitative data in archaeological research. Topics will include techniques for handling nominal, ordinal, and radio-scale variables, the collection and presentation of quantitative information, and the use of computers. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and college-level algebra and/or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 849. Seminar in Archaeology: _____. 2-4 Hours.

Subject matter of seminar to be announced for semester. LEC.

ANTH 851. Data Analysis in Archaeology: _____. 1-6 Hours.

A two-semester course designed to provide graduate students with basic principles in the analysis of archaeological data. Course content will include an introduction to archaeological systematics, analytical procedures, application of multivariate statistics, and computer applications. Topic for semester to be announced. FLD.

ANTH 853. Theory and Current Problems in Archaeology. 3 Hours.

Consideration of scientific methodology, basic assumptions of anthropological archaeology, relationship of archaeology and anthropology, and current theoretical and methodological trends in archaeology. LEC.

ANTH 876. Advanced Medical Anthropology: _____. 3-6 Hours.

This course provides advanced training in selected aspects of medical anthropology; the topic for a particular semester will reflect the current interests of the instructor. It is expected that the course content will alternate between theoretical and applied emphases. May be repeated for a total of six hours credit. Prerequisite: ANTH 461 or consent of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 880. Advanced Feminist Anthropology: _____. 3-6 Hours.

Intensive consideration of special problems in feminist anthropology. Topic for the semester to be announced. May be repeated for a total of six hours credit. (Same as WGSS 880.) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC.

ANTH 889. Summer Archaeological Field Work. 1-8 Hours.

Under the direction of a professional archaeologist, undergraduate and graduate students are taught proper procedures for the excavation and laboratory analysis of data from a prehistoric or historic archaeological site. Data gathered may be used for additional graduate research. Enrollment by application; limited to twenty students. A fee for subsistence costs will be charged. FLD.

ANTH 890. Training in Archaeological Field Work. 1-6 Hours.

Graduate students are taught techniques of archaeological field work, including survey and excavation, as well as laboratory procedures, including artifact classification and curation. FLD.

ANTH 896. Graduate Research. 1-9 Hours.

Individual investigation of special problems in anthropology. Limit of six hours credit for the M.A. degree. RSH.

ANTH 897. Internship Research. 4-6 Hours.

Experiential learning in the application of anthropology through placement in business, government, community, research, or social service organization or agency. Students design and implement an anthropological project under faculty supervision. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Anthropology. RSH.

ANTH 898. Internship Analysis. 1-6 Hours.

Experiential learning in the application of anthropology through placement in business, government, community, research, or social service organization or agency. This course is a sequel to ANTH 897. Students finish up any remaining research and deliver their findings to the client. They also prepare a written report and a verbal presentation for the Department of Anthropology. Prerequisite: ANTH 897 and Graduate standing in Anthropology. RSH.

ANTH 899. Master's Thesis. 1-12 Hours.

Limit of six hours credit for the M.A. degree. Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. THE.

ANTH 996. Graduate Research. 1-9 Hours.

Individual investigation of special problems in anthropology. RSH.

ANTH 999. Doctoral Dissertation. 1-12 Hours.

Graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. THE.